15 Types of Grouper to Catch in Florida

There are commonly types of grouper to Catch in Florida for those interested in catching grouper in Florida, there are a few things to consider. First, you should get a guide who has experience in catching grouper.

Types of Grouper to Catch in Florida

Second, you should be aware of the rules and regulations that govern grouper fishing in Florida. Finally, you should know how large a goliath grouper can be. Florida is one of the most productive countries for grouper. This article will provide you with all of the necessary information that you need to successfully catch the largest of all groupers.

Fishing for grouper is one of the most unique experiences you can have in Florida. Whether you’re looking for types the Red grouper or the Goliath, you’ll find what you’re looking for by reading this article. Below we will cover types of grouper to Catch in Florida

15 Types of Grouper

Black Grouper

Black Grouper is an aquatic types belonging to the Serranidae family of the Perciformes order. It is a predator of Molluscs, other fish, and crustaceans. It is located in the western part of the Atlantic, it is a single species that is usually located on the hard bottoms.

 Black Grouper

The juveniles are often found nearshore on shallow reefs, whereas adults can be found on deep reefs. It has Anal fins with nine rays and three spines and, a pectoral fin with 17-19 rays, pelvic fins longer than pectoral fins.

They are inserted in front of a vertical line from the lower part of the pectoral fin base. Globally the grouper is classified as “critically endangered.”It is a fish with a long life span (more than 41 years) and has a slow growth rate.

Goliath grouper

The Goliath Grouper, also known as the giant snapper, is endangered in Florida and other states around the world. Pollution and overfishing have caused the grouper to nearly disappear in the 1980s.

Goliath grouper

These fish, which are also protected by federal law, are not allowed to be caught in state or federal waters. This situation has led to a number of conservation efforts to protect the species. Among these efforts is the opening of a limited, highly regulated fishery for the grouper in state waters.

Red grouper

In Florida, you can catch Red Grouper all year long. These tasty creatures can be found around rocky bottoms and up to 1,000 feet deep. This means that you may have to travel 20 miles or more to reach them.

Red grouper - types of Grouper

While Red Grouper are not as plentiful as other fish types in Florida, you still have a chance to hook one of these delicious creatures. When you go fishing for Red Grouper, keep in mind that you are not allowed to harvest more than two per person.

Yellowmouth grouper

Yellowmouth grouper are a common types in Florida’s Gulf waters and are also found throughout the Bahamas. While they prefer deep water, they are sometimes found in shallow waters.

 Yellowmouth grouper

Generally, these groupers are small, weighing only 5 to 10 pounds, but some can weigh as much as 30 pounds. Yellowfin Grouper are not caught on sporting tackle and are best landed by drifting or casting with a cut bait.

Graysby grouper

The Graysby grouper is a relatively small fish with a gray body and orange-brown spots. It has a large, terminal mouth, a long, robust snout, and a thick, triangular head. Its gill covers are finely serrated and rounded, and it has nine spines and around 18 to 21 gill rakers.

Graysby grouper types

Graysby live in shallow waters from North Carolina to the northern Gulf of Mexico. In Florida, the types can be found in the Bahamas, the Caribbean, and Bermuda. The species is protected in federal waters.

Tigris grouper

Tiger Grouper is found in Florida waters. The species is approximately 100 cm long and is a relatively common sight. They are generally found at depths of 10-40 metres. Despite their popularity, there are no statistics available on their population size and abundance.


The IUCN Red List classifies this species as ‘Data deficient’, here are some things to know about this species. And don’t worry – the picture you see here is not the only one you’ll see.

Yellow-Mouthed Grouper

Not to be left out, Yellowmouth Grouper is a deep-sea fish similar to Scamp. The only difference naturally can be seen in their mouth. It’s not clear why Yellowmouth Grouper spots such bright lips. Maybe he entices other fish into attracting closer. Perhaps it’s a signal that they’re delicious to take in!


It’s true, Yellowmouth is delicious. On average, they’re smaller than Scamp however, many anglers believe they are equally delicious. Yellowmouth Grouper is uncommon in the Gulf of Mexico, but you can have a feast on Florida’s Atlantic coast.

Warsaw Grouper

If Goliath Grouper is the King of the shallows, these types own the dept. They are capable of weighing over 600 pounds and more than seven feet. Also, consider that they are located at least a hundred feet below, where the fish all taste good and are the ultimate catch for many avid deep fall fishers.

Warsaw Grouper

The issue with Warsaw Grouper (and most of the other deepwater Groupers) is that they are hard to let go alive. The sudden change in water pressure can cause death, particularly during fights and struggle during their climb.

If you wish for your catch to have the most excellent chance of survival, you’ll need special equipment and a guide who has a wealth of experience dealing with fish in the deepest parts of the.

Tiger grouper

Tiger grouper are among the most delicious fish, so catching one of these tasty beauties is a must for any Florida fisherman. Whether fishing on a reef or drop-off wall, you’ll find them in many depths.


The best bait for catching them is live bait such as cigar minnows, small crabs, snappers, or pinfish. You can also use dead bait, like sardines or mullet.

Yellowfin Grouper

Yellowfin Grouper (Mycteroperca venenosa) is one of the kinds of marine ray-finned fish. A grouper belonging to the subfamily Epinephelinae belongs to the family Serranidae including the anthias and sea bass.

It is found in warmer waters of the western part of the Atlantic Ocean.The yellowfin grouper is an elongate and stout, and compressed body. Its depth is not higher at the dorsal fin beginning than at the anal fin beginning.

Yellowfin Grouper

The length of the body is 2.6 or 2.9 times the body’s depth. The preoperculum has a neatly rounded shape. Sometimes it has a small cut and doesn’t have an angle lobe. The dorsal fin has 13 spines and 15-16 soft Rays, while the anal fin is home to three vertebrae and 10-12 Rays. The membranes between dorsal fin spines are notched

It is flat in juveniles, in the caudal area, and slightly concave when adults are present. Oval clusters of dark spots distinguish the body and head, and the outside of the pectoral fin appears bright yellow.

The morph has two colors to choose from deep-water morphs that are reddish and greenish shallow-water-morph. The species has a total size of 100 centimeters (39 in), but they usually weigh approximately 500 centimeters (180 inches) and have an official weight limit of 18.5 kilograms (41 pounds).

Snowy Grouper

The snowy grouper (Epinephelus niveatus) is a Marine fish belonging to the family of Serranidos and the order Perciformes. Its most distinctive feature is its coloration.

Snowy Grouper

The young have eight vertical white, irregularly shaped rows and are also known as black “saddle” in the caudal peduncle as caudal fin is yellow, similar to the groupers of different types. Adults are gray, with scattered white spots and none of the black spots on their caudal penducle.

Mottled Hind

Speckled Hind has earned quite a variety of nicknames, including Strawberry Grouper, Calico Grouper, Kitty Mitchel the list of names goes on. Whatever you refer to them, they will attract the eye if you spot one.

Mottled Hind

The majority of the people on the boat will be looking at its design, while the rest will be trying to find out the reason for heck you did to get it up.Spotted Hinds typically live between 200-and 400 feet at the bottom of the rocky cliffs. The deeper you dive and the more massive the fish increase.

Nassau Grouper

Nassau Grouper is not the largest fish on this list. They’re not even the tastiest or most attractive. However, they might be the most intelligent fish in the ocean, from teaming up with predators to catch your meal to fishing baits from traps to eat. They’re brighter than what most people associate them with.

Nassau Grouper

Unfortunately, this ability is the same interest that placed Goliath Grouper into hot water. Nassau Grouper Nassau grouper is in severe danger, and the numbers continue to decrease. They are, of course, protected by Florida. If you happen to see one, take the chance to be lucky enough to ensure that he is unharmed.

Scamp Grouper

According to the majority of those who have eaten them, Scamp is the tastiest fish in the family. It could be even the most delicious fish of all time. Scamps are tiny according to Grouper standards. The average size of a fish is less than 2 feet long, or anything over 5 pounds is considered a great catch.

Scamp Grouper

It’s a deep-sea species. They aren’t found lower than 100 feet, and you’ll be able to discover them three or more times that amount of depth. We’re not complaining. They’re worth the journey, and whatever they’re eating at the time must be delectable!

Gag Grouper

Often referred to as “Grey Grouper,” they are an essential part of reef fishing trips in both the Gulf and the Atlantic. They aren’t as large as Black Grouper and typically reach around 50 pounds. However, the typical capture is within the same 5- 20 lb range in the same 5-20 lb range as Black Grouper.

Gag Grouper

Adult Gag Groupers reside in locations similar to most Grouper species, including reefs, rockslides, and other structures that extend over sixty feet of sea. But, more minor gags are often found in estuaries and seagrass beds. Don’t be shocked to catch one when trying to find Redfish and other species that inhabit the coastal waters.

FAQs About Grouper

Do groupers eat crabs?

The goliath grouper eat various food items, including small sharks, fish, rays, and tiny sea turtles. Its primary diet is crustaceans, including spiny lobsters. It also occasionally consumes crabs.

How long will a grouper live?

Goliath grouper live comparatively long, with at least 37 years of maximum known age. However, some scientists suggest that these fish might be able to live to 50 or even 100 years.

Are they dangerous?

Groupers aren’t particularly dangerous for humans. The groupers are friendly and can be found in coral reefs and other shallow waters of the tropical sea.

What is the size of a grouper?

Groupers are large fish. They can grow up to 9 feet (2.7 meters) long and weigh up to 400 pounds (181 kilograms). One of the biggest species is the Atlantic goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara’s body could reach more than 8 feet (2.4 meters) in height and weigh over 1000 pounds.

What is the average lifespan of the grouper?

Most groupers mature very slowly, and different species can last between 5 and 15 years. Many species attain reproductive maturity around 30 to 50 % of their life span.

Do groupers eat shrimp?

Red grouper feeds on various species of fish, oysters, and crustaceans. This includes lobsters, shrimp, or mantis shrimp.

Do Goliath groupers eat sea turtles?

Grouper often kills sharks and fish, rays, and sea turtles due to the number of foods they eat. Crabs can be consumed by this beast specializing in spiny and lobsters.

Where do grouper eggs get laid?

Like numerous reef fish spawn off the coast in shelf and shelf-edge reefs. Their pelagic larvae stay out in the open ocean for 40 to 60 days before reaching the nursery grounds inshore.

Does the grouper migrate?

Many anglers aren’t aware that many grouper stypes move long distances to reproduce. Both gag groupers (Mycteroperca microlepis) and Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus) have traveled several hundred miles.

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