Can You Eat Horseshoe Crab?

Horseshoe crabs are among the world’s oldest arthropods. They live in intertidal zones around the Gulf of Mexico, the beaches of Florida, as well as South Asia. These crabs have inspired some of television’s most renowned horrific animals.

Can You Eat Horseshoe Crab - Sam

Horseshoe Crab.

Despite its unappealing appearance, horseshoe crab is now being served as a specialty at restaurants in Thailand, Malaysia, and North America. 

At the very same time, some People say that some species of horseshoe crab are poisonous. What exactly is a horseshoe crab? Can you eat horseshoe crab?

What Are Horseshoe Crab?

Horseshoe crab were on the planet for almost 300 million years, rendering them more ancient than dinosaurs. Although they resemble ancient crabs, these creatures are more strongly connected to spiders and scorpions.

A horseshoe crab possesses ten legs and a strong exoskeleton that it utilizes to travel around the bottom of the ocean.

What Are Horseshoe Crab

What Are Horseshoe Crabs?

This horseshoe crab’s shell is separated into three portions. The prosoma, or its head, is the initial portion. The term “horseshoe crab” comes from the spherical form of the head, which is similar to the footwear of a horse’s hoof.

It is the body’s biggest organ and houses most of the neurological and metabolic organs. The heart, brain, mouth, glands, and nervous system are all covered by a huge plate in its head. The biggest set of eyes is likewise protected by the skull.

Do People Eat Horseshoe Crab?

Horseshoe crab are considered a delicacy among the many Asian countries. They have very little flesh to eat and are rather pricey when compared to those other edible marine species.

Do People Eat Horseshoe Crab

Horseshoe crabs are considered a delicacy among the many Asian countries.

Horseshoe crab eat nearly everything, including larvae to tiny dying fish. If the meal is too large for them, these creatures smash it first along their legs before moving it to its mouths. It’s rather frightening! That’s not something you want to eat.

While horseshoe crab appear large, there is just a little amount to eat. You can’t consume the entire thing; just the crab’s eggs or roes, which are pretty little. Roe is found on the lower half of a horseshoe crab which can be orange or green in color.

As with typical crabs, don’t anticipate tons of delicious flesh.

Orange roe is saltier than green eggs and has a greater flavor. It has neither a fish roe nor a caviar flavor. It has a rubbery texture.

Restaurants often grill, boil, or bake horseshoe crabs. The cooks peel their outer shells, remove the eggs, then serve them alone or alongside salad.

You can read more: Can You Eat Blue Marlin?

Are Horseshoe Crab Poisonous?

The quick answer is certainly, certain horseshoe crabs can be toxic.

A Mangrove species is found to take tetrodotoxin. This neurotoxin has detrimental effects on a human’s body and that could result in death if taken in huge doses.

Scientific research, on the other hand, isn’t completely settled on this. According to some studies, the toxic component is dependent on the genus. Others claim it is triggered at specific periods of the year.

The quick answer is certainly, certain horseshoe crabs can be toxic.

When numerous people died after consuming horseshoe crab throughout Thailand as well as Cambodia, the poisoning problem got much more serious. Paresthesia and vertigo were experienced by some.

Aside from toxicity, certain people with allergies to Tachypleus tridentatus, a particular type of horseshoe crab. When consuming them, you must exercise caution. And besides, can you confirm their origin and species?

To prevent hazardous species and properly cook ‘safe’ ones, these crabs must always be cooked by a professional. If you’re a daring eater who wants to try a horseshoe crab, do not even start preparing it at home. Consult a professional.

You can read more: Can You Eat Starfish And Is It Safe?

What Does Horseshoe Crab Taste Like? 

A horseshoe crab is really not commonly found on restaurant menus. This lunch is, nonetheless, occasionally seen in Malaysia as well as other areas of the world.

They’re believed to have a rubbery texture, while the green and orange eggs have different flavors.

They’re believed to have a rubbery texture, while the green and orange eggs have different flavors.

Horseshoe crab is among those dishes that, as many people have said, you have to try for yourself to determine if you want it.

Even individuals who eat eggs frequently find it difficult to explain their flavor. Many individuals are put off by the texture, which may be quite chewy.

It also won’t have the same flavor as other varieties of fish caviar or eggs. Once it relates to taste, it’s rather unusual.

You can read more: Can You Eat Tarpon? 

Can You Eat Horseshoe Crab Raw? 

Horseshoe crab should not be eat raw, this just isn’t a thing you should ever try to eat uncooked. It isn’t going to really be tasty in the least.

Can You Eat Horseshoe Crabs Raw 

Horseshoe crabs should not be eaten raw.

There are, nevertheless, many different forms of seafood which are absolutely safe to eat raw and frequently tasty.

There’s no point in attempting this animal uncooked when there’s plenty of other fantastic options available.

Is It Safe to Eat? 

Yes, a horseshoe crab, or more specifically, their eggs, are totally safe to consume if properly cleaned and prepared.

Horseshoe Crab Safe to Eat

Is It Safe to Eat

Consuming horseshoe crab in a restaurant can provide a one of a kind experience. The cooks will be experienced with how to properly prepare them.

However, attempting to make them personally is not suggested because they may be rather difficult to deal with.


The eggs on the inside of a horseshoe crab can be eaten. However, they don’t give a lot of food while the flavor isn’t for everyone.

That said though, if you’re feeling brave and want to try something different, horseshoe crab is a great choice.

While they might not be for everyone, they are enjoyed by a certain amount of people. Who knows, maybe you could fall in love with the unusual flavor and texture.

You can read more:Can You Eat Jack Crevalle?

Eating Horseshoe Crab Eggs

For many communities in Asia, its eggs, called “roe,” sometimes are a source of great delight. It may sound surprising to learn that this sort of cuisine is both pricey and difficult to come by.

However, the poisons found in the eggs of a Horseshoe Crab were linked to sickness and even fatality in a few cases.

Eating Horseshoe Crab Eggs

Horseshoe Crab Eggs.

In both Cambodia, and Thailand a terrible scenario has been reported. According to reports, 71 people got poisoned as a consequence of ingesting the roe of the Horseshoe Crab. To mention a few indications, there was paresthesia, tiredness, as well as respiratory paralysis.

Where Do You Find Horseshoe Crabs?

Horseshoe crab or the Limulus polyphemus, which may be found all throughout the U. S., dwells in the Atlantic all along the North American shoreline. Horseshoe crabs may also be found around the U.S’ Gulf and East coasts, as well as in Mexico.

There have been three more kinds of horseshoe crab around the globe. They may be found in the Pacific Ocean around Asia’s coast as well as the Indian Ocean.

Horseshoe crabs may also be found around the U.S’ Gulf and East coasts, as well as in Mexico.

Horseshoe crabs need various environments based on their developmental stage. During late summer and spring, their eggs are placed on beaches along the coast.

The eggs of a horseshoe crab are an essential element of the nutrition of several shorebirds, migrating turtles, birds, and fish.  Throughout Delaware Bay’s ecology, horseshoe crabs are indeed a keystone species.

You can read more: Can You Eat Barracuda?

How To Process Horseshoe Crabs

Summertime at the beach is a lovely experience for both old and young. If you ever had a really fantastic beach trip, you’ll almost certainly want some souvenirs to commemorate it by.

The shells of a horseshoe crab may be a wonderful memento of a memorable summer trip at the seaside. A horseshoe crab should be carefully kept in order to be a suitable souvenir.

Clean the shell

Horseshoe Crabs Clean.

    • Immerse its exoskeleton in water in order to dislodge any debris that has clung to it. Scrape the crab using a brush to remove any sand or other debris.
    • Drench the crab for over 30 minutes in weak bleach. With every three liters of water you immerse the crab over, use roughly 1/2 cup of bleach. Washing your horseshoe crab in a weak bleach solution sterilizes it and aids in dislodge any dirt stuck in the cracks of its shell.
    • Allow the shell of your horseshoe crab to dry completely after rinsing it.
    • Place your crab in the place you want it to be once it’s been maintained. Consider exactly the way you would like it to appear and however you want to arrange it.
    • Fill your vessel with enough lacquer to completely cover the crab shell. To get the lacquer flat enough just to immerse the crab with, you may have to apply lacquer thinner. Put the crab in your lacquer bath.
    • Allow the shell to dry after gently removing it from your lacquer. After around 10 minutes, this should be cool with a sleek luster and will be carefully conserved for future generations.

How To Cook Horseshoe Crab


    • 2 lb crab meat
    • 2 minced onions
    • 1 c bread crumbs
    • ½ c bell pepper chopped fine
    • 4 stick butter
    • 2 large eggs
    • ½ c celery
    • ¼ c parsley flakes
    • creole seasoning


  • For around 5 minutes, sauté your onions using the butter.
  • Cook for a further 5 minutes after adding the crab meat.
  • Wait about  5 minutes under medium heat with celery, parsley, bell pepper, plus spice.
  • Cook for over a minute after adding the bread crumbs and eggs. Remove the pan from the heat.
  • Fill crab shells halfway with the filling and top with the leftover flour mixture. Bake for half an hour under 350°F.  in the oven, or till golden brown in a deep fryer.

What Is Horseshoe Crab Blood Used For?

Scientists developed a test termed LAL or Limulus Amebocyte Lysate. It analyzes new vaccinations for contamination using these intelligent blood cells.

Ever since 1970s, this approach has indeed been utilized all around the world to prevent medical workers from injecting people with microorganisms that may make them extremely sick.

Are horseshoe crab going extinct?

A horseshoe crab that’s been around for 450 million years is on the verge of extinction. According to conservationists, this fact is due to the medical industry’s need for their blood.

take the blood of horseshoe crabs

Take the blood of horseshoe crabs.

The blood of horseshoe crabs is a natural substance of limulus amebocyte lysate or LAL. It is used to evaluate vaccines, medical devices, and drugs for endotoxins or threatening bacterial toxins.

Tons of horseshoe crabs are being seized every year then bled of its milky-blue plasma. Conservation efforts are ramping up their lobbying efforts and seeking appropriate measures to help rescue horseshoe crabs as well as the other animals that depend on them.

Other Uses of Horseshoe Crab


Commercial American conch and eel fisheries along the shore employ horseshoe crabs as lure.


People established a set of horseshoe crab “lbs” along the coastlines of New Jersey as well as Delaware. This is in lieu of swimming off swampy beaches to catch the crabs as previous harvesters had done.

Once the tide receded, a connectivity of networks, wooden platforms, and wire poles forced populating horseshoe crabs in holding pens. Workers would usually gather the crabs and place them carefully along the coast to decay and dry.

Many crabs perished until synthetic fertilizers ruled out the technique in the 1970s. During this time, they were transferred to a processing factory, pounded to a powder, and marketed as a fertilizer dubbed “cancerine.”


Yes, you may consume horseshoe crab, however it’s not the “crab” itself that you’re eating. You’d be eating their eggs, which are commonly referred to as “roe.”

The crabs are usually roasted or grilled, while the orange-colored roe inside are eaten.

You can read more: Can You Eat Stingray? It’s Safe to Eat?

In Conclusion

If you choose to eat a Horseshoe Crab, you should leave the cooking to the pros. An experienced and qualified chef would be better prepared to manage the Horseshoe Crab due to contaminants and negative side effects after eating.

If this is your debut cooking, make sure you talk to someone that has done it before. Nobody wants to become unwell as a result of eating such a crustacean.

In the seas, we are lucky to have this many delectable species to choose from. With that in mind, we don’t have to limit ourselves to consuming Horseshoe Crab. We comprehend the fascinating and one-of-a-kind experience of preparing and cooking this species.

However, we believe that the hazards exceed the benefits. With potentially dangerous eggs, little meat, and an unappealing look, I’m not planning on eating a Horseshoe Crab relatively soon.

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