Can You Eat Sturgeon? Why are its eggs so expensive?

Sturgeon live for a very long time, and several have even been discovered to exist until 150 years old! These species take a lengthy time to grow, and they don’t usually reproduce until they’re around 15-20 years old. But can you eat sturgeon? Of course, you can eat sturgeon. The fish is mostly famous for it’s egg, which is called the caviar.

Can You Eat Sturgeon?

Sturgeon is best when eaten raw to enjoy it’s consistency and flavor. People prefer serving sturgeon as sushimi or sushi. Boiling it also produces a tender texture that many people prefer.

To learn more about eating sturgeon, it’s nutritional value, and whether it’s safe, this article has you covered. Read on.

All About Sturgeon

Sturgeons are the world’s most endangered animal. These magnificent creatures have existed since the prehistoric era. But they are currently endangered because of overfishing, a thriving illegal caviar market, and habitat destruction.

But sturgeons can still be saved. In the meantime, they will revitalize the rivers in which they reside for the advantage of both people and wildlife.

Sturgeon is a species known for its caviar, which is regarded as among the best three delicacies in the world.

All about sturgeon

  • Population Size of Sturgeon

During different stages of life of sturgeon found at the Atlantic in different rivers, many abundance statistics are based. When counting fish, population estimates assume that no species are leaving and entering the community (immigration, emigration, birth, or death).

Population size sturgeon

These circumstances are most common during an adult breeding run or if a group of youngsters is too immature to depart their native river. Every one of these estimations have a broad range since we can only identify specific sturgeon once collected.

On the East Coast, the greatest number of Atlantic sturgeon has been discovered in Canada’s St. John River. Throughout 2013 and 2015, latest abundance estimations showed 18,000 to 21,000 mature sturgeon.

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  • Where are they found?

Where are they found

The streams of Ukraine and Southern Russia, as well as the freshwater habitats of North America, are home to the most sturgeon. They travel from the ocean to streams or the borders of freshwater bodies to reproduce in the summertime.

The eggs, or roes, are tiny, sticky, and plentiful. The young grow quickly until they reach adulthood, following which they develop gradually over several years. Sturgeons may grow to be quite large, with individuals of 7–10 feet (2–3 meters) being typical in some species.

Specimens as long as 26.2 feet (8 meters)  have been found, although they are extremely rare.

  • Typical Size of Sturgeon

Typical size

These species of fish may reach a height between 7 up to 10 feet on average. Some species can grow to be much more over 25 feet long, however this is uncommon.

A female beluga taken in Russia’s Volga Estuary during 1827 was the biggest sturgeon ever recorded – the world record. It had a length of 24 feet as well as a weight of 3,463 pounds.

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  • Catching Sturgeon

Fishing for sturgeon is an easy process. It’s straightforward since all you have to do is throw real bait to a bottom and look for a bite. A sturdy muskellunge rod is the foundation of a conventional sturgeon fishing setup.

A level-wind reel filled with woven rope in the 80- up to 100-pound testing range is also recommended.

Can You Eat Sturgeon

Yes! Sturgeon is edible. Their eggs, popularly known as caviar, is one of their most famous products.

Can You Eat Sturgeon

It may be cooked in a variety of ways, but it is perfectly safe to ingest. The toughness and appearance of the fish are sometimes compared to lobster or crab.

Many people choose to eat this species deep-fried, although it may also be cooked on the frying pan or grill. There are no known health hazards linked with consuming this fish, so go ahead and try it.

Can You Eat Raw Sturgeon

Many individuals enjoy raw fish, particularly in the realm of sushi. Is it possible to eat sturgeon fresh?

Yes, you certainly can. Sturgeon is really favored in raw form in many areas. When consumed raw, it is supposed to retain a lot of its flavor.

Can You Eat It Raw

Those who prefer eating this sort of fish claim that it has a nice texture and flavor. It is said that eating this sort of fish uncooked is the finest way to enjoy it.

Many people enjoy it as sushi using a marinade, however the sort of marinade you choose will vary depending on your preferences. It has a soft texture which makes this a delight to eat uncooked.

The consistency and flavor of sturgeon are polished. Because of its allure, consuming it raw is a perfect way to enjoy it. The allure of fish meat may be enjoyed by devouring it as sushi, sashimi, or marinating it.

The finest method to consume sturgeon meat is raw. Numerous forums claim that sturgeon may be cooked and eaten. It has a delicate texture as well as a refined flavor. If you like powerful fish aromas, the sturgeon flavor could be worth trying.

Is It Safe to Eat Sturgeon

This fish is very safe to consume. There are no toxins or other potentially dangerous elements. It’s actually an exactly safe fish to consume, as it can be eaten raw.

You can eat sturgeon in a variety of ways including fried, raw, grilled, roasted, and even boiled. Unlike other species, this one is completely risk-free no matter how you prepare it.

Is It Safe to Eat

So you’ll be prepared if someone wonders if you can consume sturgeon. Many seafood fans consider sturgeon to be one of their favorites since it can be served in a variety of ways and has a pleasant, delicate flavor that isn’t overpowering, especially for first-timers.

Nevertheless, this fish is vulnerable or endangered in several regions. Consider a better fish if you have the option.

Is Sturgeon Healthy to Eat?

It is without a doubt a nutritious element. The protein and essentail amino acid content of sturgeon is greater to those of other seafood. It includes glycine, alanine, glutamic acid, and aspartic acid, making it a tasty fish.

Sturgeon’s white flesh is light and free of little bones, rendering it simple to chew due to its leanness.

Sturgeon offers excellent protein quality (necessary amino acids) and a delectable composition that includes glutamic acid, glycine, alanine, and aspartic acid when comparable to other fish.

The white flesh of sturgeon is delicate and free of tiny bones, making it simple to chew.


Is sturgeon healthy to eat?

What Does Sturgeon Meat Taste Like?

It’s like day and night when it comes to the difference of sturgeon meats. Agriculture sturgeon filets are substantially slimmer than native sturgeon filets. The texture is also firmer. The flavor is vastly different. The flavor of farm-raised sturgeon is particularly fishy.

The taste comes from the pellets they eat. Natural White Sturgeon possess a moderate fish flavor that varies based on when and where they are taken. Their filets have a lobster-like flavor on occasion.

The taste fluctuates depending on what the fish is grazing on. If their major source of protein is fish, they’ll develop a fishy flavor. If their major source of protein is crustaceans (prawns, clams, and crabs), they will develop a lobster-like taste.

What Sturgeon Fish Caviar Come From?

Caviar is the meal that most people identify with sheer luxury. Eggs of a sturgeon are an expensive and rare delicacy that is highly sought after in the food world.

Caviar is produced by a variety of sturgeon varieties, however beluga caviar seems to be the biggest, rarest, and most costly. It earns the moniker “black gold” because it sells for close to $3,500 a pound.

Most of the other 27 sturgeon varieties have eggs that may be collected, although the caviar market has long been dominated by sevruga, beluga, and osetra.

The most prized caviar comes from the Beluga sturgeon, a big ancient fish that may grow to be 15 feet long and weigh about 3,000 pounds. The Caspian Sea, that is surrounded by Azerbaijan, Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran, and Turkmenistan, is home to this species.

A Kaluga is a huge aquatic sturgeon with caviar that is supposed to taste similar to Beluga caviar. Its  eggs are silky smooth with a buttery taste that is mildly salted.


Beluga sturgeon

Osetra sturgeon roe are golden or brown in color and somewhat smaller compared to beluga caviar. The older the species and the whiter the eggs, the more costly the osetra caviar. This has a tangy, sea-like flavor to it.

The roe of three varieties of sturgeon which originated at Caspian Sea are used to make this caviar: sterlet, sevruga, and Siberian sturgeon. The eggs are little and gray, and they’re among the most popular caviar varieties, having a characteristic buttery flavor.

The U.S was a major caviar supplier in the 19th century. It has had a comeback, so American caviar is once again a renowned delicacy. It comes from wild Atlantic sturgeon, lake Sturgeon, and white sturgeon, among others.

How Can You Eat Sturgeon?

Although most people like to smoke the fish, it is also wonderful when deep fried. Its texture and hardness are similar to crab or lobster meat. The white flesh of the fish is plump and flaky, and it pairs beautifully with butter.

Some believe the flavor is similar to those of other aquatic species. In certain situations, the flesh from bigger Sturgeons could be fileted into steaks and grilled.

  • Eggs


Egg sturgeon.

Caviar is often served in little amounts, generally less than a spoonful. Small nibbles are encouraged to experience the delicate flavors and textures.

Eating huge servings of this delicacy is likewise considered inelegant by tradition, although the industry has transformed drastically in the last decade. Caviar is currently consumed more frequently and in bigger amounts.

Because this is a useful investment with a pungent flavor, you must approach it like such and begin with modest quantities to get a feel for it.

  • Caviar is frequently served by itself. Caviar is eaten cold and atop an ice bed. A unique spoon made of cartilage or a pearl’s mother is used to consume it, as a steel spoon is supposed to affect the flavor. Caviar should be consumed in little bits in order to fully appreciate it.
  • Caviar is typically served as an aperitif. It’s served atop buttered bread points, which have a neutral flavor. Caviar is often folded combined with creme fraiche in a flat bread or a Russian pancake.
  • When caviar is paired with other meals, it is often a basic pairing, allowing the taste and consistency of the eggs to shine through. In contrast to the caviar’s sparkle, a spoonful of crème fraîche may give a velvety smoothness.
  • Sushi


2 cups of sushi rice

  • ¼ cup white wine vinegar
  • 2 tbsp salt
  • ¼ cup rice vinegar
  • Water


  • Rinse rice five times, add 2 cups of water and cook it in a rice cooker.
  • Once rice is cooked, fluff it and add vinegar
  • While rice is warm, add sugar and salt until it is fully dissolved into the rice.
  • Fluff rice and shape into a pad with flat top for filling.
  • Place the caviar on top of the sushi rice.
  • We can serve it with or with wasabi, ginger and soy sauce.

  • Cooked


  • 800g Sturgeon steaks
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • 4 sprigs of parsley
  • 2 tbsp olive oil
  • 4 lemon wedges


  • Rub the sturgeon using olive oil in a wide plate, then add salt and pepper.
  • Preheat a griddle pan over high heat, then cook the sturgeon approximately 3 minutes along both sides, or till just done.
  • Garnish with lemon slices, extra virgin olive oil drizzled over top, and parsley.

Why Is Sturgeon Fishing Illegal?

Since they begin reproducing late in life, around the age of 15, and reproduce seldomly every 2 to 7 years are particularly vulnerable to unlawful fishing. Recovery is gradual when populations are decreased.

The roe of certain sturgeon varieties is gathered and used to make caviar. Sturgeon are more prone to overfishing due to their late sexual development (6-25 years). Over the previous century, the population of sturgeon in important basins is thought to have decreased by 70%.

The overall catch was considerably enhanced throughout the 1990s due to extraordinary unlawful collection. Poaching is believed to be 10-12 times higher than legal bounds in the Volga-Caspian region alone.

Polluted water, damming, damage, and degradation of natural waterways and ecosystems, which influence migratory patterns and breeding and feeding grounds, present further issues.


The sturgeon is a fascinating fish that manages to flourish in the Northern Hemisphere’s freshwater ecosystems. Unfortunately, the loss of their native environment has had a devastating influence on these fish. As a consequence, the majority of sturgeon varieties are endangered or threatened.

This might lead to extinction in the future. Local regulations will continue to emphasize more attempts to assist in saving this fish’s life. They’re a lot of pleasure to catch as a leisure fish!

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